Giovanni Ligabue

Falerii Veteres

Il sepolcreto di Montarano. Scavi, materiali e contesti

Monumenti Antichi, 83 (s.m. 28)
2022, L-750 di testo pp., 350 tavole di cui 190 fotografiche
Brossura, 24 x 34 cm
ISBN: 978887689_MAL
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Argomento

This work is articulated on two levels: archival and archaeological, which are closely connected. The object of the research is the most ancient burial ground of Falerii Veteres (since a continuity of settlement is recognized in the area: VIII-VII century B.C.) which, although excavated at the end of the nineteenth century, has not yet been thoroughly analyzed. More than 1700 finds have been preserved, which form the catalog of 67 funerary contexts. Those objects are mostly preserved at the Museo dell’Agro Falisco of Civita Castellana, but also at the Museum of Villa Giulia and at the Pigorini Museum in Rome, at the National Museum of Florence and at the Civic Museum of Bologna. These tombs were studied between 1886 and 1891 by the DGAABBAA of the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione as part of what was the first major archaeological enterprise of the newborn Italian State: a sort of “pilot excavation” in the years when Italian institutions were working on the legislation concerning the management and protection of the national cultural heritage. Such investigations were well received by the scientific community. The materials found at the site constituted the initial core of the Museum of Villa Giulia collection and were about to be published in the fifth volume of the series Monumenti Antichi dell’Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei when the work of the Ministero was involved in one of the first scandals in the history of Italy, fueled by the the antiquities market and by leading exponents of foreign academies active in Italy. Doubts were raised concerning the correctness of correlation among the grave goods presented at Villa Giulia. A special commission was appointed by the ministry to investigate the matter and it succeeded putting the uncomfortable problem to rest. Precisely because of these premises, the work is preceded by a careful analysis of the available documentation, which over the years has merged into various archival collections. The volume opens with a reconstruction of the historical background and the events that led to the investigations and the acquisitions of the objects. This section is followed by an analysis of the materials and the funerary contexts, the latter examined in the light of the administrative acts of the Ministry. Synthesized in synoptic tables, the review of each single item through the collation of the preserved documents has allowed the archaeological analysis to be carried out on a basis as close to the truth as possible. This has allowed to better define the characteristics of the most ancient phases of Falerii and to highlight the chronological and cultural relations with the close territories (Etruscan, Capenate, Latium and Central-Italic).